October 28, 2022
When some ancient buildings entered the gate, they could not see the house but found a wall. What was the use of this wall? It is an important element of traditional Chinese architecture - screen wall. The screen wall, also known as the illumination wall in ancient times, is a wall used to block the view in traditional Chinese architecture. The screen wall can be located inside or outside the gate. The former is called the inner screen wall and the latter is called the outer screen wall. The shape of a figure, figure eight, etc., is usually built by brick, by the seat, the body, the top of the three parts.
The screen wall inside the gate is to block people's sight, not to let people easily see the courtyard, so as to maintain the concealment and quiet inside the building.
The material of the wall:
Glazed film walls: Mainly used in imperial palaces and temples, the most representative is the Palace Museum and the Nine Dragon Wall in the North Sea.
Brick wall: A large number of Han folk architecture, is the most important form of Chinese traditional wall. Some of the Xumi blocks are carved from stone, but they are extremely rare.
Stone screen wall: The screen wall moved to Beihai Park is completely carved out of stone and rarely appears in the folk.
Wooden screen wall: Because wooden materials are difficult to withstand long-term wind and sun exposure, it is generally rare.
Brick tile or adobe shadow wall: brick tile structure or adobe structure, the wall body completely covered with hemp ash, plain surface color, some also carved brick pattern or text.
Screen wall function:
Practical function: The screen wall plays the role of wind protection and warmth preservation, and it also facilitates privacy protection and blocks the view of outsiders. Even if the door is open, outsiders cannot see the house.
Feng Shui Function: In Feng Shui, the screen wall can not only "drive away ghosts", make the courtyard wide and deep, but also buffer the air flow, block evil spirits, and keep wealth and happiness.
Decorative function: The outer screen wall can increase the momentum of the gate, while the inner screen wall creates a harmonious, quiet and quiet environment. The exquisite layout and sculpture of screen wall play an important role in the decoration and beautification of the courtyard.