July 7, 2022
Ancient Chinese family ancestral temple building
Ancestral temple is a kind of family temple with the same surname, which is inseparable from the gathering of families in ancient China.
In China's ancient feudal society, the concept of family was quite profound, and there was usually one family or several families living in each village. Most of them built their own temples to worship their ancestors. Such temples are generally called "ancestral temples", which can be divided into ancestral temples, branch temples and family temples.
In ancient times, the construction of ancestral temples is limited by grades, and the han people are not allowed to build ancestral halls.To the Ming dynasty did the emperor or the name of the marquis can be called "jia Miao", the rest called ancestral temple.Most of the temples have tall wall doors, gate towers, hip walls, main halls, hip roofs and other buildings, with wings on both sides of the main hall.The courtyard is stately and elegant with trees and flowers.
Functions of ancient ancestral temple：
(1) When the descendants of the family have weddings, funerals, birthdays and ceremonies, relatives use the spacious ancestral hall as a venue for activities;
(2) Ancestral temple is also the place where patriarchs exercise their clan power. If clannies violate clan rules, they will be educated and punished here, or even expelled from the ancestral temple. In a sense, ancestral temple is the court of feudal morality, which is the remnant of the feudal society, so it is not desirable.
(3) Ancestral temple can also serve as a social place for families to hold cultural entertainment and social activities such as entertaining guests.
(4) The ancestral hall of the big family is attached with a school for the children of the clansmen to study here.Just because the function of ancestral temple is so great, its architecture is quite exquisite.